Wednesday, March 26, 2008

What Is Takaful?

These days Islamic financial instruments seem to be gaining popularity not only amongst the Muslims but from the Non-Muslim communities too. One of these instruments is the takaful concept of insurance.

So what exactly is takaful then?

- Takaful is an Islamic insurance concept which is based on the Islamic Muamalat (banking transactions), observing the rules and regulations of Islamic law. This concept has been practised in various forms for over 1400 years.

- It originates from the Arabic word 'Kafalah', which means "guaranteeing each other" or "joint guarantee".

- In principle, the Takaful system is based on mutual co-operation, responsibility, assurance, protection and assistance between groups of participants. It is a form of mutual insurance.


The fundamentals are based on the sayings of Prophet Muhammad. Based on the hadith and Quranic verses mentioned below, Islamic scholars had decided that there should be a concerted effort to implement the Takaful concept as the best way to resolve these needs. Some of the examples are:
  • Basis of Co-operation Help one another in al-Birr and in al-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety): but do not help one another in sin and transgression. (Surah Al-Maidah, Verse 2)[1]
  • Allah will always help His servant for as long as he helps others. (Narrated by Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal and Imam Abu Daud)
  • Basis of Responsibility The place of relationships and feelings of people with faith, between each other, is just like the body; when one of its parts is afflicted with pain, then the rest of the body will be affected. (Narrated by Imam al-Bukhari and Imam Muslim.)
  • One true Muslim (Mu’min) and another true Muslim (Mu’min) is just like a building whereby every part in it strengthens the other part. (Narrated by Imam al-Bukhari and Imam Muslim)
  • Basis of Mutual Protection By my life, which is in Allah’s power, nobody will enter Paradise if he does not protect his neighbour who is in distress. (Narrated by Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal)

“The basic fundamentals underlying the Takaful concept are very similar to co-operative and mutual principles, to the extent that the co-operative and mutual model is one that is accepted under Islamic Law."

Buddymarksdel.icio.usdiggFurlLinkagogoMagnoliaRawSugarredditRojoSquidooTechnoratiYahoo My WebblogmarkskinjaNewsvine